Sanskrit

Pada view, perspective

Panca five

Para bhakti universal love

Parama hamsa an honorific title given to great adepts

Paramatma Supreme or Universal Spirit

Paramiva transition

Patanjali the father of Yoga who composed the unmatched system of Yoga: the Eight-Fold Path in the “Yoga Sutras

Pingala nadi reddish conduit. The prana current ascending on the right side of the central channel (sushumna), associated with the sympathetic nervous system and having an energizing effect on the mind

Prajapati a name for the Creator

Prajna wisdom

Prakriti that which changes, nature, form, creatrix

Pramada procrastination

Pramana knowing

Prana life/breath, life in general, the life force sustaining the body, upward moving energy

Pranayama breath regulation, regulation of energy

Prasupta dormant

Pratistham rooted, calming, compatible

Pratyahara sense withdrawal

Prema pure devotional love

Preya joy that is fleeting and soon gone

Puja ritual

Purusartha aim in life

Purusha that which doesn’t change, universal consciousness

Raga “I like”, “I want”, attraction, wanting

Rechaka breath suspension

Rodha blocking

Sabda word

Sadhaka spiritual aspirant

Sadhana a personal spiritual practice, effort

Sahadeva warrior of the Pandava family in Bhagavad Gita, represents our knowledge and wisdom = buddhi

Sama even, alike, level, upright

Samadhi complete absorption

Samana circular moving energy, a vayu

Samsara cycle of birth & death

Samsaya doubt

Samskara latent impression in the mind

Samyama meditation, the “sharp tool” we use to meditate on an object with (made up of dharana + dhyana + samadhi), steady absorption…”observer observing the observed” both observer and observing aspects fall away and only the object remains

Samyoga together

Sanjaya Brahmin priest, member of Kaurava family in Bhagavad Gita, represents our intuition, the Seer = drastuh

Santosa gratefulness, contentment

Sannyasin – one who has renounced the pleasures of the world

Sankhya direct knowledge of the Self

Sapta seven

Sas six

Sat truth,  existence

Sat-chit-anand existence-consciousness-bliss

Satya honesty,  sincerity

Sauca being clean

Shakti power

Shanti peace

Shiva destroyer aspect of the universe

Shraddha faith

Shreya real, lasting joy

Siddhi psychic power

Smrithih memory, reflection

Sri a respectful form of address that indicates holiness

Sthitau equanimity

Styana dullness

Sukha good axle space, happiness

Sukshma subtle

Sunya devoid, empty

Surya Sun

Susupta avastha dreamless sleep state of consciousness

Sutra thread

Svadharma personal dharma= to uphold (duty)

Svadhyaya self study

Svapna avastha dream state of consciousness

Svarupe **sva= own rupa= form

Tabor a small drum

Tada stands

Tapas austerity

Tanu attenuated, thinned out

Tat Brahman, the impersonal godhead

Trini three

Turiya avastha all state of consciousness

Udaranam fully expressed

Udana upwards moving energy, a vayu

Upa guru higher Self, indweller within

Upanishads the ancient mystical texts that form the final parts of the Vedas

Upaya skillful means

Urdhva upward

Uvaacha said

Varaigya surrender, (always let go)

Vasana essential nature

Vastu reality, object, thing, entity

Vasudeva Krishna’s Father

Vaasudeva Krishna, the son of Vasudeva

Vayu wind (5 “prana” or energies: prana, apana, udana, vyana, samana)

Vedas holy scriptures which form the basis of the Hindu religion

Vichara subtle thought

Vichinna distanced, scattered

Vidya clear perception

Vikalpa fantasy, imagination

Vikshipta distraction

Vinyasa to place in a special way **vi= against the grain, in a special way nyasa= to place

Viparyaya false knowledge

Virodha opposition

Virya enthusiasm, “I can”

Visshaya experience

Visheya object

Vishnu maintainer aspect of the universe

Vitarka  gross thought

Vivasvan the sun god

Viveka clear perception, right understanding, discrimination, discernment

Viveka-khyatih discriminatory knowledge

Viyoga seperate, take apart

Vrtti mental movement, activity, stirring, circle, wave, fluctuation, turning

Vyadhi disease

Vyana whole body moving energy, a vayu

Vyasa compiler of the Vedas, Mahabharata, Vedanta sutras and the Bhagavad Gita

Yajna fire ritual, offering or sacrifice as an act of worship

Yama moral restraints, don’t do these

Yantra sacred symbol

Yoga union, from the Sanskrit ‘yuj‘, which means ‘to unite

Yogi/n one who follows a life of spiritual discipline (male)

Yogini one who follows a life of spiritual discipline (female)

Yudhishthira eldest of the Pandava sons, from the Pandava family in the Bhagavad Gita, known for the quality of truth and honesty