Sanskrit

Eka one

Ekāgratā  one pointed

Ekatra together

Eva as if, only, indeed, truly

Gandhari wife to King Dhritarashtra, member of Kaurava family in Bhagavad Gita, represents our hundreds of blind desires

Gandiva arjuna’s bow in Bhagavad Gita, represents our will and ego

Gita song

Grahitā cognizer, seer

Granthi knot, one of 3 common blockages in the central pathway (sushumna nadi) preventing the full ascent of the serpent power (kundalini shakhti)

Guṇa quality, the 3 energies that constitute the foundation of all manifested forms (rajas, tamas, sattva)

Guru(ḥ) “He who is having “, a spiritual teacher who takes one out of darkness and into light ***gu=darkness ru=light

Hanuman the monkey God, Lord of the wind

Hari the Supreme Lord

Ida nadi pale conduit, prana current ascending on the left  side of the central channel (sushumna nadi) associated with the parasympathetic nervous system and having a cooling/calming

Isvara the divine

Isvara pranidhana belief in a power greater than oneself

Jagarata avastha conscious/waking state of consciousness

Jala water

Japa repetition, muttering

Jivan mukta adept who, whilst still embodied,  has obtained liberation

Jivan mukti living liberation

Jivatma individual or human spirit

Jnana know, wisdom

Jnananindriya organs of cognition (eyes, nose, tongue, skin, ears)

Kaivalya freedom

Kāla time

Kama desire

Karma action

Karmasheya field of karma where samskara lie

Karmindriya organs of action (grasp, locomotion, speach, excretion, sex,)

Karuna compassion

Klesha pain

Klishta coloured, conditioned thought

Kosha casing

Krama step

Krishna incarnation of the god Vishnu, in Bhagavad Gita represents the True Self

Krodha anger

Kshatriya – a warrior, or prince, who belongs to the ruling class in Hindu society

Kshetra field or sacred place

Kshipta disturbed

Kumbhaka breath retension

Kunti mother to five Pandava warrior brothers, member of Pandava family in Bhagavad Gita, represents our devotion and self love

Kurukshetra battle field of the Kurus

Linga mark

Lobha greed

Mada pride

Madhya medium intensity

Mahabharata Great Bharata (India) The great epic poem composed by Veda Vyasa 5,000 yrs ago

Mahatma great self, honorary title

Manas lower mind, controls the senses, “monkey” mind

Mandala circle

Mantra sacred sound (word or syllable), a Vedic hymn

Manu the father of the human race

Matsarya jealosy

Maya illusion

Mithya false, misleading

Moha attachment

Moksha release

Mridu mild intensity

Mudha dull

Mudra seal

Nada sound

Nadi conduit, one of 72,000 subtle channels through which life force (prana) circulates

Nakula great horesman warrior, member of Pandava family in Bhagavad Gita, represents our grace and divine beauty

Namaskara salutation

Namaste friendly greeting

Namo namaha I bow to you

Narada lord

Navi nine

Neti neti not this, not that

Nidra dreamless sleep

Nirodhah **difficult to translate into any language; coordination, transcending, setting aside, withdrawal, channelling, regulating, letting go “setting aside everything I am not”

Niyama moral observances, do these

Niyasa placing

Ojas vitality