Sanskrit

Abhavah absence

Abhibhava suppression

Abhijaatasya well-polished, purified

Abhimata desired, agreeable

Abhinivesha fear of loss of ego (identity)

Abhivyaktih manifestation

Abhyasa repeated, continual, sustained practice (never give up)

Abhyantara internal

Acarya perceptor, instructor, guru

Adho downward

Adhi over and above

Adhigama attainment

Adhimatra extremely strong

Adhyatma spiritual

Adrishta unseen

Advaita non-duality, one reality, not one

Agamah inference, reasoning

Agni digestive fire

Agnisara fire breathing practice

Ahamkara “I”- maker aham=”Ikara=maker, individuality “collector” aspect of the mind, NOT the “ego” (Freud) itself but the ability to “collect” “I-forms”

Ahimsa non pushing against others

Ajnana ignorance

Ajnatam unknown

Akalpita unimaginable

Akasha ether/space

Aklishta not coloured, conditioned thought

Akusidasya one who has no interest

Alabdhabhumikatva inability to achieve finer states

Alasya laziness

Alinga without mark or symbol, Prakriti

Amrita immortal/ity

Anaditvam begininglessness

Anagatah future

Ananda bliss

Ananta infinite,  unending

Anantaryam sequence

Ananyat infinity

Anastam not destroyed

Anatmasu non-self

Anavachchhinnah unconditional, unlimited

Anavachhedat unlimited by time

Adavadharanam non-comprehension

Anavasthitatva instability

Anga limb, rung, step

Angamejayatva shaking of the body

Anitya not eternal, ephemeral

Antah ending

Antar inner

Antaranga internal

Antarayah obstacle

Anubhuta experienced

Anugamat by association

Anumana inference

Anushasanam complete teachings, disciplines

Antaratma inner spirit/Self

Anubhuta experienced

Anugamat by association

Anyataa difference

Apana downwards moving energy, a vayu

Aparamrstah untouched

Aparanta death, in the end, finally

Aparigraha surrendering, letting go

Aparināmitvāt because of changelessness

Apavarga liberation

Apeksanam indifference

Ardha half

Arjuna you and I, warrior of the Pandava family in Bhagavad Gita

Artha meaning, object, purpose

Asana seat

Asaṅkhyeya countless

Asampramosah not letting escape

Asevitah assiduous awareness

Ashrama that where effort is made, life stage

Ashwatta the tree of life

Asmita “I” -ness, identity

Asnachi impure

Aṣṭa eight

Astanga eight limbs

Asteya non stealing

Asuchi impure

Aśuddhi impurity

Atad not that

Atadrupa different form

Atha now therefore, next, and now (implies something came before)

Atita past

Atat not it’s own

Atiprasangah absurd

Atyanta extremely

Aum primordial sound from which the universe was born and the essence of all mantra

Avarodha obstruction

Avasthanam established, settled, fixed

Avatar an incarnation of God who comes down to earth for a specific purpose

Avidya ignorance, forgetting, confusion, mis-identification with the painful as pleasure, temporary as permanent, impure as pure, unreal as real, with “me” and “mine”, with my “likes” and “dislikes”, with my “fear of losing all of the above sources of identifying my ‘Self’ as”

Avirati craving

Avisesa without difference

Avirati craving for enjoyment

Aviveka lack of discrimination

Avyapadesa unmanifest

Avyaya the eternal, changeless reality

Ayurveda life science

Bandha bond/age

Bhagavad Gita the great song of the Lord (book on Karma Yoga contained within the larger book of the Mahabharata)

Bhakti devotion/love

Bhāva states of existence

Bhāvanātaha attitude

Bhava bhakti power of love

Bhavanam absorbing

Bhima member of Pandava family in Bhagavad Gita, represents our individual power within us, second son in the Pandava family

Bhishma the noble and immortal general known as the grandfather to both the Kaurava and Pandava family in the Bhagavad Gita, represents our pride and attachments

Bhūmih ground

Bhūta elements

Bindu seed, point

Bodhi enlightenment

Brahma creator aspect of the universe

Brahmacharya remembering God, moderation

Brahman the Ultimate Reality

Brahmana a Brahmin, a member of high society caste of traditional Hindu society

Brahmarandhra **randhra = passage. The space at the top of a newborn babies head where the skull is not fused, through which life enters the body

Brahmin a member of the most intelligent and learned caste in the Hindu system

Buddha awakened, a designation of the person who has attained enlightenment

Buddhi intellect, discriminatory aspect of the mind, the higher mind

Cakra wheel, psychoenergetic centre of the subtle body

Catur four

Chandra moon

Chetanā consciousness

Cin mudra conscious seal, a common hand gesture

Cit consciousness, the Superconsciousness, Ultimate Reality

Citta that which is conscious, the mind

Chittasya of the mind, mental

Chittavikṣepāḥ mental obstacles

Darśana seeing

Deva a male deity “He who is shining”

Devaki Krishna’s mother

Devi a female deity “she who is shining”

Dharana concentration

Dharma bearer, used in the sense of “law” ==>law of being, the “beingness” of something for example the dharma of the sun is to shine, of fire is to burn, of wind is to blow

Dharmakshetra field of dharma, holy plain

Dhritarashtra, King blind king of the Kaurava family in Bhagavad Gita, represents our blind mind, ignorant of its true nature

Dhyana sustained concentration, incorrectly called meditation

Diksha initiation

Dirgha long

Doṣa defect

Draṣṭuḥ the Seer

Draupadi wife of the five Pandava family members, represents our eternal joy

Dṛg consciousness

Drishti view/sight, Yogic gazing

Dronacharya archery expert in Bhagavad Gita, member of Kaurava family

Duḥkha bad axle space, pain and suffering

Duryodhana member of Pandava family in Bhagavad Gita, represents our ego (pride, greed, hate, fear, jealousy, contempt)

Dvaitam the philosophy of dualism whereby you are seem tp be separate in nature from the creator as opposed to monism which holds to the principle that “There is only God”

Dvesha “I dislike”, “I don’t want”, aversion

Dvi two